The first authentic Indian team took part at the 1920 Antwerp Olympic Games in athletics and wrestling.
A National Olympic Committee was finally formed in 1927.
India's greatest successes at the Olympics have come in men's hockey. They won every men's title from 1928 to 1956. In 1960 they reached the final but lost to Pakistan to end the sequence.
India's first gold medal winning squad at the Amsterdam Olympic Games in 1928 included legendary hockey player Dhyan CHAND, known as the “ wizard of hockey” who won three consecutive gold medals.
After independence India continued their hockey success with a gold at the London Olympic Games. The final was played on grass at Wembley Stadium. India were an ever present on the men's hockey medal podium until 1976 and their last gold medal success in this sport came at the Moscow 1980 Olympic Games.
Indian shooters have challenged for medals in the new millennium. Rajyavardhan Singh RATHORE won silver in the men's double trap in Athens 2004. Shooter Abinav BHINDRA became India's first individual gold medallist when won the 10m air rifle at the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games.
At the 1900 Olympic Games in Paris, Norman PRITCHARD won silver medals in the men's 200m and the now discontinued 200m hurdles. He was the first medal winner born in India but confusion surrounds his nationality as India was then under British rule.
India have not yet staged the Olympic Games but have hosted IOC sessions.